Too much contrast on external screen with macOS Catalina
October 2, 2020
October 2, 2020
I recently upgraded my Hackintosh from High Sierra to Catalina (after switching from NVIDIA to AMD).
After the upgrade, the contrast was way too high on my ASUS monitor (VP239H-P). I can’t add pictures here really because it’s how the display rendered colors that was affected, and a screenshot wouldn’t represent that. I confirmed that the colors were off by comparing with my Windows dual boot.
I wasn’t in high contrast mode, and this problem was there with any kind of display profile in the system preferences (each profile looked different, but each profiled looked equally overly contrasty).
While I couldn’t find anything online about that exact issue, I found a similar post with an external monitor color problem.
There’s a great explanation there about color formats, the differences between YCbCr, YPbPr and RGB, and the way EDIDs affect which color format will be used.
For me, it seems that High Sierra used RGB by default, while Catalina switched to YCbCr, as my ASUS VP239H-P claims to support it, but in practice it gives way too contrasty results.
The only way to fix that as explained in the above article, is to configure macOS to override the EDID of that specific display to force RGB mode.
Here’s another article that explains in great details how to do that, but I’ll sum up things here.
Download the following script and run
That will generate a directory starting with
DisplayVendorID-, in my
DisplayVendorID-469, that contains a file for your specific
display, in my case,
You need to put this file in
/System/Library/Displays/Contents/Resources/Overrides, so in my case
the full path would be
You can’t write in this folder by default at least in recent macOS
versions like Catalina, and I’ve seen people suggesting to reboot in
recovery mode to be able to do it from there, but as far as I’m
concerned, a simple
mount -uw / as root allowed me to put the file
Note: when migrating to Big Sur,
mount -uw / trick doesn’t work, but I realized that you can
mkdir -p /Library/Displays/Contents/Resources/Overrides and put
DisplayVendirID- directory there, and it works as well!
Then reboot the computer.
This forces the display in RGB mode, which is great, however this also sets the display profile in “System Preferences”, “Displays”, “Color” to what seems to be an autogenerated ICC profile named after EDID override display name.
I’m not sure where that calibration comes from, but it turns out macOS comes with a proper calibration for my screen, so in the display preferences, I set back the profile to “ASUS VP239”.
This gives an even better result and is likely more accurate.
Note: an alternative to that which I’ve adopted recently is to
DisplayProductID file and remove the
- forced RGB mode (EDID override)
part of the
This fully overrides the original definition meaning that macOS will automatically apply its known display profile!